Min H. Kao




Country of origin: Taiwan

Year came to U.S.: 1973

Education: BS Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University;
MS and PhD Electrical Engineering, University of Tennessee

Business: Garmin (1989)

Headquarters: Olathe, KS

2021 revenue: $5.0 billion

Worldwide employment: 19,700

  • Kao’s work has been used by the United States Army, NASA and now by smartphone users around the world.


  • He came to the United States to pursue master’s and doctoral studies at the University of Tennessee.

Min H. Kao went from growing up in a small Taiwanese town to becoming a self-made millionaire. In the process, he gained three degrees including a PhD, served in the Taiwan Navy, built GPS (Global Positioning System) and satellite technology for the U.S. Army and NASA respectively. He now spearheads the development of GPS devices and location-based computing.

Moving to the United States in 1973 on a student visa, Kao went on to build navigational systems for various companies. After his GPS technology became operational at NASA, Kao explored his desire to start his own company. With co-worker Gary Burrell, they secured $4 million in financing from Kao’s colleagues in Taiwan and started their company in Kansas in 1989, which they named Garmin in 1991 from a combination of “Gary” and “Min.”

Garmin practices vertical integration. It conceives of, manufactures, markets and sells its own products. These products include automotive parts, marine units, aviation technology, fitness devices and, more popularly, wireless GPS applications for smartphones.

By 1995, sales had reached $105 million with a profit of $23 million. By 1999, sales had doubled to $233 million and profit nearly tripled to $64 million. A decade later, Garmin emerged as the global market leader in the PND (portable navigation device) segment. Garmin has delivered over 188 million products, including the delivery of more than 15 million products in 2017.

Kao now has an estimated net worth of $4.1 billion, but he has never forgotten the places or people who helped him to reach this far. He maintains close ties with his birthplace. He also made the largest private donation in the history of the University of Tennessee, $17.5 million. His name now graces the Min H. Kao Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

The blog post Nine Famous Asian and Pacific Islander Immigrants highlights other exceptional AAPI immigrants.

Updated July 2022