The Immigrant Learning Center » Gamble

Giving immigrants a voice since 1992. Support us with your donations.

Immigrant Entrepreneur Hall of Fame: James Gamble

P&G LogoCountry of origin: Ireland

Year came to U.S.: 1819

Business: Procter & Gamble (1837)

Headquarters: Cincinnati, OH

2015 revenue: $78.7 billion

Worldwide employment: 110,000

Ranked 34 in the 2016 Fortune 500

 

  • Procter and Gamble were brothers-in-law married to a pair of sisters. They might never have met if fate had not intervened.
  • Today, the company they created serves nearly 70 percent of the world’s population.

PGLeadershipBrands2012_small

 

Procter & Gamble is one of the world’s largest consumer packaged goods companies, and it all began as a storefront shop opened by two men: William Procter and James Gamble.

Procter_&_Gamble_1841_advertisement
James Gamble’s father was a protestant minister in Ireland. In 1819, when Gamble was 16, the family came to the U.S. to start a new life. His father intended to preach in Illinois, but James became ill along the way. The family sought treatment in Cincinnati.

He made a full recovery and went on to become a soap maker. He married Elizabeth Norris, whose sister married William Procter, a candle maker. At the suggestion of their stepfather, the two men went into business together in 1837 and Procter & Gamble (P&G) was born.

P&G pioneered several firsts:

  • Instituted a profit-sharing program that gave employees an ownership stake in the company. (1887)
  • Gamble’s son, James N. Gamble, helped create the first coordinated community campaign for charities. Known today as The United Way, it is now the leading community-based fundraiser in the United States. (1915)
  • Became the first company to conduct data-based market research. (1924)
  • Created Crest toothpaste, a breakthrough in the use of fluoride to protect against tooth decay, the second most prevalent disease at the time. (1955)

Today, P&G serves nearly 5 billion of the world’s 7 billion people.

Updated September 2016

Back to Fortune 500

Back to Consumer Goods and Services

Back to Immigrant Entrepreneur Hall of Fame

The Immigrant Learning Center, 442 Main Street, Malden, Massachusetts, 02148     (781) 322-9777

   Site Map   ::    Directions   ::    Contact Us   ::    Website Sponsors